Springer Handbook of Automation (Springer Handbooks)
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At the beginning of the s, two new driv-ing forces provoked an enormous leap ahead: the rush tospace, and the advent of digital computers in the imple-mentation of control system. The principles of optimalcontrol, pioneered by R. Bellman and L. Pontryagin, be-came indispensable ingredients for the solution of theproblem of soft landing on the moon and in mannedspace missions.
Integrated computer control, introducedin by Texaco for set point adjustment and coor-dination of several local feedback loops in a refinery,quickly became the standard technique for controllingindustrial processes. The purpose of such Federation, establishedin Heidelberg in , is to facilitate growth and dis-semination of knowledge useful to the developmentof automation and to its application to engineeringand science.
Created at a time of acute internationaltensions, IFAC was a precursor of the spirit of the so-called Helsinki agreements of scientific and technicalcooperation between east and west signed in Itrepresented, in fact, a sincere manifestation of interest,from scientists and professionals of the two confrontingspheres of influence in which the world was split at thattime, toward a true cooperation and common goals. Thiswas the first opportunity, after the Second World Warthat scientists and engineers had of sharing complemen-tary scientific and technological backgrounds, notablythe early successes in the space race in the Soviet Unionand the advent of electronic computers in the UnitedStates.
TheFederation currently includes 48 national member orga-nizations, runs more than 60 scientific Conferences witha three-year periodicity, including a World Congress ofAutomatic Control, and publishes some of the leadingJournals in the field. Automation is now an essential ingredient inmanufacturing, in petrochemical, pharmaceutical, andpaper industry, in mining and metal industry, in conver-sion and distribution of energy, and in many services.
Feedback control is indispensable and ubiquitous in au-tomobiles, ships and aircrafts. Feedback control is alsoa key element of numerous scientific instruments as wellas of consumer products, such as compact disc players. Despite of this pervasive role of automation in every as-pect of the technology, its specific value is not alwaysperceived as such and automation is often confused withother disciplines of engineering.
The advent of robotics,in the late s, is, in some sense, an exception to this,because the impact of robotics in modern manufacturingindustry is under the eyes of everybody. However, alsoin this case there is a tendency to consider robotics andthe associated impact on industry as an implementationof ideas and principles of computer engineering ratherthan principles of automation and feedback control. Pro-gresses in the automobile industry in the last decadehave only been possible because of automation. Feed-back control loops pervade our cars: steering, breaking,attitude stabilization, motion stabilization, combustion,emissions are all feedback controlled.
This is a dramaticchange that has revolutionized the way in which carsare conceived and maintained. Industrial robots havereached a stage of full maturity, but new generations ofservice robots are on their way. Four-legged and eventwo-legged autonomous walking machines are able towalk through rough terrains, service robot are able toautonomously interact with uncertain environment andadapt their mission to changing tasks, to explore hos-tile or hazardous environments and to perform jobsthat would be otherwise dangerous for humans.
Handbook of Automation
Servicerobots assist elderly or disabled people and are aboutto perform routine services at home. Surgical roboticsis a reality: minimally invasive micro robots are able tomove within the body and to reach areas not directly ac-cessible by standard techniques. Robots with haptic in-terfaces, able to return a force feedback to a remote hu-man operator, make tele-surgery possible. New frontiersof automation encompass applications in agriculture, inrecycling, in hazardous waste disposal, in environmentprotection, and in safe and reliable transportation. Today, after a century dominated by the expan-sion of technology and, to some extent, by the beliefthat no technological goal was impossible to achieve,similar woes are feared.
The clear perception that re-sources are limited, the uncertainty of the financialmarkets, the diverse rates of development among na-tions, all contribute to the awareness that the modelof development followed in so far in the industrializedworld will change. Todays wisdom and beliefs maynot be the same tomorrow. All these expected changesmight provide yet another great opportunity for au-tomation.
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Automation will no longer be seen only asautomatic production, but as a complex of technologiesthat guarantee reliability, flexibility, safety, for humansas well as for the environment. In a world of limitedresources, automation can provide the answer to thechallenges of a sustainable development. Automationhas the opportunity of making a greater and even moresignificant impact on society. Similar opportunities and challenges are occurringtoday. It comes at an appropriatetime, and provides a fundamental core of basic prin-ciples, knowledge and experience by means of whichengineers and managers will be able to quickly respondto changing automation needs and to find creative so-lutions to the challenges of todays and tomorrowsproblems.
Shi-mon Y. It provides also a fulland comprehensive spectrum of current and prospec-tive automation applications, in industry, agriculture,infrastructures, services, health care, enterprise andcommerce. A number of recently developed conceptsand powerful emerging techniques are presented herefor the first time in an organized manner, and clearly il-lustrated by specialists in those fields.
Readers of thisoriginal Springer Handbook of Automation are offeredthe opportunity to learn proven knowledge from un-derlying basic theory to cutting-edge applications ina variety of emerging fields. Not a day seems to go bywithout a candidate or newscaster opining on the impactof cheaper, offshore labor on the US economy. Similardebates are taking place in other developed countriesaround the globe. Buy Hardcover. FAQ Policy.
About this book Automation is undergoing a major transformation in scope and dimension and plays an increasingly important role in the global economy and in our daily lives. Show all. Congratulations to Nof and coworkers for a very good job. What Cannot Be Automated?
Refine Search. Content Type. Release Date. Showing 3 results. Ed The second edition of this handbook provides a state-of-the-art cover view on the various aspects in the rapidly developing field of robotics. Reaching for the human frontier, ….
Ed Automation is undergoing a major transformation in scope and dimension and plays an increasingly important role in the global economy and in our daily lives. Engineers combine …. Ed Robotics is undergoing a major transformation in scope and dimension. Mann Chap. Ramaswami, H.key.archidelivery.ru/img/2019-02-25/gdz-po-didakticheskomu.html
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Joshi Part F: Industrial Automation This part begins with explanation of machine tool automation, including various types of numerical control NC , flexible, and precision machinery for production, manufacturing, and assembly, digital and virtual industrial production, to detailed design, guidelines and application of automation in the principal industries, from aerospace and automotive to semi-conductor, mining, food, paper and wood industries. Chapters are also devoted to the design, control and operation of functions common to all industrial automation.
Shirase, S. Fujii Chap. Lee, C. Cheung, S. Kwok Chap. Carlisle Chap.
Sarh, J. Buttrick, C. Munk, R. Bossi Chap. Lee Chap. Xi, K. Lai, H.
Cruz, M. Scavarda Chap. Chung, J. Tanchoco Chap. Pereira, P. Neuman Chap. Jamsa-Jounela, G. Baiden Chap. Vogel-Heuser Chap. Pashkevich Chap. Caldwell, S. Davis, R. Moreno Masey, J. Gray Part G: Infrastructure and Service Automation Chapters in this part explain how automation is designed, selected, integrated, justified and applied, its challenges and emerging trends in those areas and in the construction of structures, roads and bridges; of smart buildings, smart roads and intelligent vehicles; cleaning of surfaces, tunnels and sewers; land, air, and space transportation; information, knowledge, learning, training, and library services; and in sports and entertainment.
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Salsbury Chap. Edan, S. Han, N. Kondo Chap. Ivanescu Chap. Horacek Chap. Nakanishi Chap. Mohleji, D.