Pourquoi la psychanalyse ? (Histoire de la Pensée) (French Edition)

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Thus the symbolic castration i.

Le pouvoir (pas le moins du monde occulte) des psychanalystes

The result is a concentric psychic economy, which is, according to Montrelay, characterized by idle representations and plenitude in the real. The privileged relationship of women to the body however implies also a frightening too great closeness to the objects. The women's access to symbolization depends on the transition into the phallocentric economy by substituting the phallic signifier for the concentric representatives. Thus femininity is repressed and can be symbolized. In Lacan forbade her to conduct a seminar on male sexuality at his institute at the University of Vincennes, declaring that if women are not entirely governed by the phallic function, they can have nothing to say about it.

She is married, has three children and lives in Paris. Sophie Morgenstern, one of the pioneering figures of child psychoanalysis in France, was born into a Jewish family in Grodno in Poland. She was married to Abraham Morgenstern, her daughter Laure was born in She held the position from until her death in Like Anna Freud , she believed that children's neurosis had the same structure and the same origins as those of adults.

She stressed that the children's drawings gave the analyst access to their unconscious and psychic conflicts in a similar way as the dreams and free associations of an adult would do - an insight less familiar at her time than nowadays. The symbolic sense of the imaginative creations of the child was the subject of her main work Psychanalyse infantile , published in and dedicated to her daughter Laure.

Laure Morgenstern had died during an operation in , and Sophie Morgenstern never got over the loss of her only child. On 13 June she committed suicide, one day before German troops entered Paris. Marie Moscovici was the daughter of Jewish-Polish parents who immigrated to France shortly before her birth. The family survived the German occupation under a false name.

Élisabeth Roudinesco | Université Paris Diderot - dlinrehollmisgo.ga

She was working as a sociological research intern at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique CNRS in Paris, when she married Serge Moscovici , a Romanian-Jewish social psychologist with whom she had two sons. Their eldest son Pierre, later a well-known politician, was born in In Marie Moscovici graduated with a thesis about social change and family organisation. The concept of inactuality, understood as the continuance of a past event in the unconscious, was one of the main subjects of Marie Moscovici's writings.

Referring to Sigmund Freud's thoughts about murder, war and violence, she explored the inscription of historical events into individual histories and its unconscious transmission from one generation to the next. In the s Gisela Pankow converted to Catholicism. After giving a series of conferences in Australia and spending a year of research and teaching in the United States, she returned to Paris in Gisela Pankow's main area of interest was the analysis of psychosis.

According to Pankow the body image serves two symbolic functions: The first ensures the recognition of spatial and formal structure incorporating a dialectic of inside and outside, and part and whole , the second involves the content and meaning of that structure. Thus the body image is the basis of the ego and its relation to the other.

Psychoanalytikerinnen. Biografisches Lexikon

The body image of a psychotic is disturbed. It is radically dissociated in "nuclear psychoses" schizophrenia with disturbances of the first function, whereas in "marginal psychoses" hysterical psychoses , which concern the second function, the body image is only partially affected. The objective of the cure is the restoration of the symbolic structures of the body image through a reintegration of the excluded.

For this purpose Gisela Pankow introduced her original technique involving modelling clay as a mediating element. Her study L'ordinaire du psychosomaticien is considered as an eminent contribution to the psychosomatic metapsychology. Catherine Parat's work centres on masochism, female sexuality, and the importance of the affect. Best known is Catherine Parat's conception of "basic transference" "transfert de base" , designating the patient's spontaneous positive cathexis of the person of the analyst.

Parat stressed the kinship between such a transference cathexis and Sigmund Freud's narcissistic object-choice.

Based on a Kleinian approach, Catherine Parat stated a normal feminine masochistic move at the time of the Oedipus complex. According to Parat, femininity is achieved when the girl adopts actively the passive or receptive aim, thus diverting earlier active sadistic impulses directed toward the father's penis. The French psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Ginette Raimbault, born in Belfort Algiers as the daughter of a teacher, passed her childhood in Algeria.

After receiving a M. While studying medicine, she trained as a psychoanalyst and underwent training analysis with Jacques Lacan. Ginette Raimbault took up her psychiatric training with Jenny Aubry , with whom she worked together for about twenty years. In she attended Balint's seminar at the Tavistock Clinic in London and subsequently started, along with her husband, one of the first Balint groups in France.

In she received her licence as a psychiatrist. Ginette Raimbault's main area of interest is the psychology of the ill child.


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She was working with dying children in the nephrology clinic of the Hopital des Enfants-Malades in Paris since and published several books on themes like mourning, illness and death from the point of view of children and parents. Ginette Raimbault was suffering from Alzheimer's and died at the age of 89 in Paris.

business.dom1.kh.ua/wp-content/2019-05-02/rajax-huntington-wv-hook.php Blanche Reverchon, born in Paris, studied philosophy and medicine and later specialised in neurology under Joseph Babinski. She practised as a psychiatrist in Geneva, when she met the poet Pierre Jean Jouve in In they settled in Paris and were married in After visiting Sigmund Freud in Vienna, who obviously encouraged her to become an analyst, she continued her psychoanalytic training supervised by Rudolph Loewenstein. At the time of the split, Reverchon-Jouve, although a physician herself, was one of the opponents of the medicalization of psychoanalytic training.

Blanche Reverchon-Jouve introduced her husband to psychoanalysis and supplied him with the clinical material from her psychoanalytic practice, which he transformed to his novels about mad women.

His novel Vagadu , for instance, is drawn from his wife's analyses with Sokolnicka and Loewenstein and from the case history of Mademoiselle H. Blanche Reverchon-Jouve's analysands were mainly wealthy patients and artists, among them the Belgian author and psychotherapist Henry Bauchau, who depicted her as "Sybille" in his first novel La dechirure. She was born in Paris as the daughter of the psychoanalyst Jenny Aubry and her first husband Alexander Roudinesco. Her father was an immigrated Romanian-Jewish physician, who had converted to Catholicism.

She was a member of the EPF until Lacan dissolved his school in During the same time she was a member of the KPF. Some of her most important books are a history of psychoanalysis in France, the biography of Jacques Lacan and a dictionary of psychoanalysis with Michel Plon. Monique Schneider was born in Mirecourt in Lorraine. At the beginning of her teaching career she suffered from insomnia caused by diabolical phantasmas from her childhood, which led to her first analysis. Monique Schneider works at the intersections of psychoanalysis, cultural critique, and philosophy.

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She has been concerned with questions of trauma, the status of constructions of sexual difference in social discourse and practices of exclusion by psychoanalysis as a patriarchal theory. Patriarchal metaphors reduce masculinity to phallic symbols of verticality by excluding a devaluated feminine, which is associated with uncontrollability.


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  6. The result of this is a gap between a man's representation of pleasure as a conquest and his experience of it as an absence of mastery. This "supplementary room" allows another symbolism of femininity than the devaluating phallic metaphor of the feminine sex as a cavity. She came from a cultivated Jewish family that had fought for the liberation of Poland. Her mother Paulina Flejszer played such an important role in the uprising that she was honoured with a state funeral.

    Eugenia Kutner's father, Maurycy Kutner, was a banker. She returned with him to Warsaw and was married in After Jung's break with Sigmund Freud she choose the Freudian camp and went to Vienna to have a three months long analysis with Freud in She attended the sessions of the Wiener Psychoanalytische Vereinigung and became a member in During this period she separated from her husband. According to Ferenczi, Sokolnicka showed feelings of superiority as well as symptoms of paranoia and depressive tendencies accompanied by suicide threats.

    But Ferenczi also vaunted her capacity as an analyst. Sokolnicka's analysis with Ferenczi was obviously more successful than that with Freud, who did not like her very much. In she returned to Paris to found the psychoanalytic movement in France as Freud's legitimate representative.

    Roudinesco, Elisabeth 1944-

    In it he referred to Sokolnicka's famous healing of a childhood obsessional neurosis , which he turned into an abject failure. During a six-week analysis Sokolnicka revealed the sexual implication of the boy's symptoms, which disappeared after that. This rapid cure encouraged Sokolnicka to create a minimal analysis, which sees as its end the disappearance of symptoms, while a maximal analysis includes the freeing of the ability to love and the avoidance of repetition.

    She set up in private practice, but her clientele diminished over the years.